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成考英语专业专升本考试参考试题

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成考英语专业专升本考试仿照试题 Ⅲ. Cloze (20 points) Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening

成考英语专业专升本考试仿照试题
Ⅲ. Cloze (20 points)

 

  Directions:

  For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your

answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Investors can _51_ money simply by loaning it. The money they loan is called capital. Security (担保) is an expensive item which the borrower mortgages (

典当) to the investor to show that he intends to _52_ the debt. The way investors make money on loans is to charge interest. Interest is money that _53_ pay

to investors for the use of their money. Interest is usually a certain percentage of the capital. Investors sometimes _54 ten percent or more interest per

year. The interest may be calculated daily, monthly, or yearly. The interest must be _55_ before the capital can be repaid. If the interest is not _56_ the

agreed rate, the interest is added _57_ the capital. Then the borrower has _58_ pay interest on the unpaid interest _59_ on the capital. A debt can grow

quickly this way. If the total of the capital and accumulated interest gets too high, the investor will take _60_ of the item used as security and sell it to

get his money back.

  51.A. get B. make C. have D. carry

  52.A. repay B. leave C. get D. give

  53.A. borrowers B. lenders C. peoples D. others

  54.A. cost B. ask C. charge D. change

  55.A. by day B. by the day C. every day D. daily

  56.A. paid B. to be paid C. pay D. paying

  57.A. on B. to C. for D. with

  58.A. to B. on C. into D onto

  59.A. or B. also C. but also D. as well as

  60.A. the place B. possession C. turn D. care

  Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

 

  Directions:

  There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B,

C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  Students enrolled at least half time may borrow up to $3,000 form the government over a two-year period. Repayment of the loan begins six months after

the student leaves school. These loans carry on interest until this time. The current interest rate is 5 percent. Students may borrow up to $4,500 annually

from a bank, credit union, savings and loan association or other eligible lender. Repayment on these loans usually begins six months after the student leaves

school. These loans carry no interest until this time. This current interest rate is 9 percent. Parents may borrow up to $300 annually for each dependent

college. Repayment begins forty-five days after receiving the loan, and the interest rate is 12 percent.

  61. Which of the following is the main purpose?

  To remind students and their families to repay their loan.

  To compare interest rates.

  To inform students and parents of the various loans available.

  To show that government loans charge the least interest.

  62. The highest interest rate is charged to _______.

  A. full-time students B. parents

  C. students borrowing from a credit union D. half-time students

  63. If parents had three children in college how much could they borrow annually?

  A. 900 B. 3,000 C. 300 D. 9,000

  64. According to the passage which of the following is true.

  The government lends students enrolled at least half time up to 3,000 annually.

  Students may borrow up to $4,500 annually from four sources.

  Students enrolled less than half time may borrow money.

  The current interest rate from banks is 5 percent.

  65. It can be inferred from the passage that _______.

  the student’s school determines who is an eligible lender

  money is available for student loans

  students need not be enrolled half time to borrow money

  the interest rate on student loans is increasing

  Passage Two

  Are you aware that you actually possess six senses? The sixth is a muscular sense responsible for directing your muscles intelligently to the exact

extent necessary for each action you perform. For example, when you reach for an object, the sensory nerves linking the muscles to the brain stop your hand

at the correct spot. This automatic perception of the position of your muscles in relation to the object is your muscular sense in action.

  Muscles are stringly bundles of fibers varying from one five-thousandth of an inch to about three inches. They have three unique characteristics, they

can become shorter and thicker; they can stretch; and they can retract to their original positions. Under a high-powered microscope, muscle tissue is seen as

long, slender cells with a grainy texture like wood.

  More than half of a person’s body is composed of muscle fibers, most of which are involuntary-in other words, work without conscious direction. The

voluntary muscles, those that we move consciously to perform particular actions, number more than five hundred. Women have only 60 to 70 percent as much

muscle as men for their body mass. That is why an average woman can’t lift as much, throw as far, or hit as hard as an average man.

  66. According to the selection, the muscular sense is responsible for ______.

  A. the efficiency of our muscles B. the normal breathing function

  C. directing our muscles intelligently D. the work of only our involuntary muscles

  67. Intelligent use of the muscles means that ________.

  one always knows what his muscles are doing

  one performs simple actions whithout working

  one’s muscles are used only to the extent necessary for each action they perform

  one improves muscular action consciously

  68. Muscles are unique fibers because, they can ________.

  A. contract B. stretch C. retract D. do all of the above

  69. Under a microscope, muscle cells appear to be _______.

  A. textured like wood B. colored like wood

  C. smooth and red D. short and thick

  70. According to the selection more than half of a person’s body is composed of ______.

  A. voluntary muscles B. involuntary muscles

  C. muscle fibers D. sensory nerves

  The large part which war played in English affairs in the Middle-Ages, the fact that the control of the army and navy was in the hands of those that

spoke French, and the circumstances that much of English fighting was done in France all resulted in the introduction into English of a number of French

military terms. The art of war has undergone such changes since the battles of Hastings, Lewes, and Agincourt that many words once common are now only in

historical use. Their places have been taken by later borrowings, often like wise from French, many of them being words acquired by the French in the course

of their wars in Italy during the sixteenth century. Yet we still use French words of the Middle Ages when we speak of the army and the navy, of peace,

enemy, battle, soldier, guard and spy, and we have kept the names of officers such as captain and sergeant. Some of the French terms were introduced into

English because they were needed to express a new object or a new idea. In other cases a French and a native English word for the same thing existed side by

side. Sometimes one or the other has since been lost from the language; but sometimes both the borrowed and the native word have been still in common use.

  71. The main idea of this passage is that ______.

  most of today’s common English military terms dated from the sixteenth century or later

  a study of the English vocabulary shows the important part which war has played in the history of England

  many French words borrowed into English during the Middle Ages have since disappeared from the language

  many military terms used in English were originally borrowed from French, some as early as the Middle Ages

  72. All of the following have something to do with the introduction into English of many French military terms except that _______.

  war played an important part in English affairs in the Middle Ages

  the English army and navy were controlled by those who spoke French in the war between England and France

  France invaded England in the Middle Ages and many battles were fought in England

  much of English fighting was done in France in the war between England and France

  73. The art of war has undergone such changes that _______.

  we no longer use any French words of the Middle Ages

  many words once common are not used any longer and they are replaced by Italian words

  French military terms have disappeared from the English language

  many words once common are now only in historical use and their places have been taken by the newly-borrowed words

  74. Which of the following is not the French word borrowed into English during the Middle Ages?

  A. sergeant B. battle C. spy D. fight

  75. The writer takes the words “battle” and “fight” as an example to show______.

  French words are needed to express something new

  a French and a native word for the same thing have been still in common use side by side French word or the other has been lost from the English language

  “battle” is the borrowed word and “fight” is the native one

  Passage Four

  “Fingers were made before forks” when a person gives up good manners, puts aside knife and fork, and dives into his food, someone is likely to repeat

that saying.

  The fork was an ancient agricultural tool, but for centuries no one thought of eating with it. Not until the eleventh century, when a young lady from

Constantinople brought her fork to Italy, did the custom reach Europe.

  By the fifteenth century the use of the fork was widespread in Italy. The English explanation was that Italians were averse to eating food touched with

fingers, “Seeing all men’s fingers are not alike clean.” English travellers kept their friends in stitches while describing this ridiculous Italian

custom.

  Anyone who used a fork to eat with was laughed at in England for the next hundred years. Men who used forks were thought to be sissies, and women who

used them were called show-offs and overnice. Not until the late 1600’s did using a fork become a common custom.

  76. The custom of eating with a fork was _______.

  A. brought to Europe from America B. begun when forks were invented

  C. brought to Europe from Asia D. invented by Italians

  77. By the fifteenth century forks were used _______.

  A. all over Italy B. only in Constantinople

  C. widely in Europe D. In England

  78. To English travellers in Italy, the use of forks seemed _______.

  A. clever B. necessary C. good manner D. ridiculous

  79. The English thought that Italians used forks in order to ________.

  A. imitate the people of the East B. keep their food clean

  C. impress visitors with their good manners D. amuse the English

  80. In England, people who used forks at that time were considered ______.

  A. well mannered B. sissies C. show-offs and overnice D. both B and C

  Ⅴ. Writing (20 points)

 

  Directions:

  For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about 80 words on the title: The Bicycle in China. Base your composition on the

outline given below.

  1.在中国,自行车是最为盛行的交通工具。

  2.骑自行车有许多长处。

  3.自行车的将来……

 

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